Sumerian creation myth

The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts

Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. Sumerians created an advanced civilization with its own system of elaborate language and writing, architecture and arts, astronomy and mathematics. Their religious system was a complex one comprised of hundreds of gods. According to the ancient texts, each Sumerian city was guarded by its own god; and while humans and gods used to live together, the humans were servants to the gods.

The Sumerian creation myth can be found on a tablet in Nippur, an ancient Mesopotamian city founded in approximately 5000 BC.

The creation of Earth (Enuma Elish) according to the Sumerian tablets begins like this:

When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamut, the mother of them both
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;
When of the gods none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;
Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,
Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being...

Sumerian mythology claims that, in the beginning, human-like gods ruled over Earth. When they came to the Earth, there was much work to be done and these gods toiled the soil, digging to make it habitable and mining its minerals.

The texts mention that at some point the gods mutinied against their labour.

When the gods like men
Bore the work and suffered the toll
The toil of the gods was great,
The work was heavy, the distress was much.

Anu, the god of gods, agreed that their labour was too great. His son Enki, or Ea, proposed to create man to bear the labour, and so, with the help of his half-sister Ninki, he did. A god was put to death, and his body and blood was mixed with clay. From that material the first human being was created, in likeness to the gods.

You have slaughtered a god together
With his personality
I have removed your heavy work
I have imposed your toil on man.

In the clay, god and man
Shall be bound,
To a unity brought together;
So that to the end of days
The Flesh and the Soul
Which in a god have ripened –
That soul in a blood-kinship be bound.

This first man was created in Eden, a Sumerian word which means ‘flat terrain’. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Eden is mentioned as the garden of the gods and is located somewhere in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

Sumerian tablet depicting Enki in the creation myth. (world-myth.com)

Initially human beings were unable to reproduce on their own, but were later modified with the help of Enki and Ninki. Thus, Adapa was created as a fully functional and independent human being. This ‘modification’ was done without the approval of Enki’s brother, Enlil, and a conflict between the gods began. Enlil became the adversary of man, and the Sumerian tablet mentions that men served gods and went through much hardship and suffering.

Adapa, with the help of Enki, ascended to Anu where he failed to answer a question about ‘the bread and water of life’. Opinions vary on the similarities between this creation story and the biblical story of Adam and Eve in Eden.

Featured image: Sumerian chaos monster and sun god. (Wikipedia)

Note: Ancient Sumerian translations were taken from William Bramley’s book, The Gods of Eden.



Read more: http://www.ancient-origins.net/human-origins-folklore/origins-human... 
Follow us: @ancientorigins on Twitter | ancientoriginsweb on Facebook

Views: 207

Replies to This Discussion

Five rivers Flowed into Eden  " E - Den"  when the sea began to rise it covered Eden and Eden was lost for evermore in history..

I am researching hope the earth may have looked-Pangea so to speak. Excellent and I did not know there were 5 rivers!

Excellent-thank you!

When Adam and Eve left eden they did not to far - .to Ur to Babylon , yet still in the fertile land .

So much is coming to light! Exciting! Big hug Poppy!

RSS

Have questions?

Need help? Visit our Support Group for help from our friendly Admins and members!

Have you?

Become a Member
Invited Your Friends
Made new Friends
Read/ Written a Blog
Joined/ Created a Group
Read/ Posted a Discussion
Checked out the Chat
Looked at/Posted Videos
Made a donation this month
Followed us on Twitter
Followed us on Facebook

Donations & Sponsorship

~~~~~~~~~~~
Please consider a donation to help with our continued growth and site costs

Connect

Visit The Temple
on Facebook:

....

Blog Posts

The Black Dragon (II)

Posted by Quingu on February 23, 2021 at 1:00pm 0 Comments

(EL)-CRONOS

Posted by Quingu on February 22, 2021 at 9:30pm 0 Comments

The Babylonian Whore

Posted by Quingu on February 22, 2021 at 7:00pm 1 Comment

The Black Dragon

Posted by Quingu on February 22, 2021 at 1:30pm 0 Comments

(Romans 6:23)

Posted by Quingu on February 21, 2021 at 11:21am 2 Comments

All 3l00D

Posted by Quingu on February 21, 2021 at 8:26am 0 Comments

The Miraluka

Posted by Quingu on February 20, 2021 at 8:37am 0 Comments

FLASH OF THE SUN?

Posted by Rosey on February 16, 2021 at 4:52pm 3 Comments

Rich People Problems

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 9:30pm 0 Comments

Lasers

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 8:30pm 0 Comments

s0ls

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 6:00pm 0 Comments

The Roc Nation (Bloodline) V

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 5:30pm 0 Comments

Hades

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 5:00pm 0 Comments

The Damned

Posted by Quingu on February 15, 2021 at 9:39am 0 Comments

The Gift and the Curse

Posted by Quingu on February 11, 2021 at 2:20pm 0 Comments

The (Sol) Pureblood

Posted by Quingu on February 10, 2021 at 7:41pm 0 Comments

Sith Sorcery

Posted by Quingu on February 9, 2021 at 2:31pm 0 Comments

Tree of Death

Posted by Quingu on February 8, 2021 at 5:30pm 0 Comments

The (BLACK) Djinn IV

Posted by Quingu on February 8, 2021 at 5:22pm 0 Comments

FEBRUARY AWARENESS

© 2021   Created by Bryan   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service