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Celtic Magic

Group Owner ~ Ghillie Dhu

Group Admin-

Elspeth

The Celtic Umbrella covers many branches, from Druids, Indo-European links, Reconstructionist Celts,  Celtic Wicca and lots of colourful theories about connections to other Pantheons. There are some interesting discussions to be had.

In this group we can look into them, discuss what we know, question what we don't, and maybe put forward a few theories if we wish to.

Besides, Celtic Magic is a beautiful, mysterious Path, that's for sure :-)

So let's celebrate it!

Please feel free to post Discussions.

You can also request Pages, if you'd rather have articles set to the side, so they don't become lost among the wall posts.

Oh on the wall - post away - socialise or post graphics if you want to. Don't be shy.

Say hello.

Location: In West Wood.
Members: 26
Latest Activity: Feb 6

Discussion Forum

The Gallic sack of Rome.

Started by Ghillie Dhu Feb 4. 0 Replies

The Gallic Sack of RomeIn the 5th and early 4th centuries BC, migratory Germanic tribes pressured Gallic Celts living in the Danube regions to push South in search of new territory. They were likely…Continue

NORSE_GAELS

Started by Ghillie Dhu Dec 19, 2018. 0 Replies

The meaning of Gall-Goídil is "foreigner Gaels" or "foreign Gaels" and although it can in theory mean any Gael of foreign origin, it was always used of Gaels (i.e. Gaelic-speakers) with some kind of…Continue

NORSE_GAELS

Started by Ghillie Dhu Dec 19, 2018. 0 Replies

The Norse–Gaels (Old Irish: Gall-Goídil; …Continue

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Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:43pm

The Kingdom of the Gaels

Dunadd hill fort

The Gaels gave Scotland its name from 'Scoti', a racially derogatory term used by the Romans to describe the Gaelic-speaking 'pirates' who raided Britannia in the 3rd and 4th centuries. They called themselves 'Goidi l', modernised today as Gaels, and later called Scotland 'Alba'.

For centuries historians have debated the Gaels' origin. The earliest historical source we have comes from around the 10th century and held that the Gaels came from Ireland in around 500 AD, under King Fergus Mor, and conquered Argyll from the Picts.

Recently archaeologists have challenged this idea. If the Gaels did invade from Ireland then new objects and differing types of building style could be expected to appear. What archaeologists point to is the continuity in building styles of crannogs and forts found in Argyll and Ireland, suggesting the Gaels had lived in Argyll for many centuries before Fergus Mor and shared a common Gaelic culture with Ireland.

At the heart of the Gaelic kingdom – Dál Riata – was a formidable hill fort. The rocky outcrop of Dunadd, Argyll, was far more than a defensive fortress however. Dunadd was the location where Gaelic kings were inaugurated in a ceremony that symbollically married them to the land.

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:43pm

 

In its heyday Dunadd would have been an impressive sight, a single rock outcrop set in the flat bottom of the Kilmartin Valley. On its upper slopes Dunadd was surrounded by stone ramparts, the remains of which can still be seen, and entry was through a natural cleft in the rock sealed by wooden gates. Beyond the gate were houses and workshops for smelting iron and gold. An important trading centre, many goods flowed through it: gold from Ireland, wine from southern Europe, even rare minerals from the far east used by scribes to colour manuscripts.


From Dunadd kings like Aedan mac Gabrann (574–608 AD) set out on campaign. A successful warlord, he extended the power of the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata from Orkney to the Isle of Man. In campaigns against Picts, Britons and fellow Gaels in Ireland he triumphed until he was finally stopped by the Angles at the Battle of Degsastan in 603 AD.

What Aedan had achieved his grandson, Donald Brecc (Domnall Brecc, 629– 642), lost in a disastrous reign. He led the Gaels' war band to successive defeats. He was forced to surrender Dál Riata's Irish lands before he eventually suffered his final defeat at the hands of Owen of Dumbarton at the Battle of Strathcarron in 642 AD. Donald Brecc died on the field of battle with the bardic epitaph: 'And crows pecked, at the head of Domnall Brecc.'

After Donald's defeat his kindred faced challenges for the kingship. Civil war raged between the rival factions until Fercher Fota (c697 AD) established a new royal line. They didn't rule for long but it's an interesting historical footnote that 450 years later Macbeth was supposed to be descended from Fercher Fota. The kin of Aedan and Donald Brecc went on to reassert their control of Dál Riata founding a line Scottish kingship that stretched to Bonnie Prince Charlie.

In the early 8th century, the Gaels were confronted with the rising power of the Picts. In 736 AD the Picts stormed Dunadd. Their leader, Unust, may have been of Gaelic parentage, but in 741 AD the annals record his 'smiting of Dál Riata'. After his conquest Dál Riata became a back water with its kings subservient to the Picts.


It was from this background of decline that Kenneth MacAlpin emerged. In the mid 9th century he conquered the Pictish kingship and restored the Gaels' fortunes as they moved east to take over Pictland.

Kenneth's triumph was Dunadd's end as ultimately the Kingdom Dál Riata vanished from history and the lands of Argyll fell under Norse control. However, along with Pictland, Dál Riata became the essential ingredient in the new Kingdom of Alba.

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:36pm

Did You Know? 
- Curse of Scotland

9 of Diamonds


Curse of Scotland

The nine of diamonds playing card is often referred to as the "Curse of Scotland" There are a number of reasons given for this connection:

1. It was the playing card used by Sir John Dalrymple, the Earl of Stair, to cryptically authorise the Glencoe Massacre. Certainly there is a resemblance between the nine of diamonds and his coat of arms.

2. The Duke of Cumberland is supposed to have scribbled the order for "no quarter" to be given after the Battle of Culloden on a nine of diamonds playing card..

3. It has also been suggested that it is a misreading of the "Corse of Scotland" ie the "Cross of Scotland" or St Andrew's Saltire. There is a resemblance between the pattern of the nine of diamonds and the Saltire.

4. Nine diamonds were at one time stolen from the crown of Scotland and a tax was levied on the Scottish people to pay for them - the tax got the nickname "The Curse of Scotland".

The first two explanations are the ones most commonly given.

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:32pm

 

Did you know...?

Brennus is the name of another Celtic chieftains famous in ancient history: In 279 BC, an army of Celts led by Brennus invaded Macedonia and northern Greece. The following year they crossed the Bosporus and settled in a part of Asia Minor that came to be called Galatia.
Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:25pm
Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:23pm

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:22pm

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:21pm

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:18pm

Comment by Ghillie Dhu on February 4, 2019 at 2:18pm

 

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Blog Posts

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