Diencephalon
https://human-memory.net/diencephalon/

The anterior diencephalon wall contains the fornix column, lamina terminalis, and the anterior commissure. The posterior wall structure contains the Habenular commissures, the stalk of the pineal gland, and the posterior commissure. Medial walls of the thalami build up the diencephalon lateral walls.

It is positioned in the forebrain (prosencephalon). It cannot be seen from the outer brain point of view, as it is located under the cerebral hemispheres. This part of the brain has many different, important roles. First of all, it sends and receives information from and to different brain regions.

Secondly, it controls many autonomic functions. It also connects the endocrine system structures. As a result, it affects the hormonal balance in our bodies. Furthermore, it is related to the limbic system. It affects our emotions and memories.

In addition, it directs sense impulses throughout the body, controls the motoric function, and affects the homeostasis, controls vision, smell, and taste, as well as the perception of touch.

The components of the diencephalon are distributed symmetrically on both sides of the third ventricle. The hypothalamus consists of specific nuclei that are located lateral and ventral to the ventral portion of the third ventricle, ventral to the interthalamic adhesion.

Several structures of the diencephalon work together with other body parts to affect the following bodily functions:

  • Sense impulses throughout the body
  • Autonomic function
  • Endocrine function
  • Motor function
  • Homeostasis
  • Hearing, vision, smell, and taste
  • Touch perception

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