1yrns4vean19o

Discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons supports controversial theory of consciousness

A review and update of a controversial 20-year-old theory of consciousness published in Physics of Life Reviews claims that consciousness derives from deeper level, finer scale activities inside brain neurons.
Credit: © James Steidl / Fotolia

A review and update of a controversial 20-year-old theory of consciousness published in Physics of Life Reviews claims that consciousness derives from deeper level, finer scale activities inside brain neurons. The recent discovery of quantum vibrations in "microtubules" inside brain neurons corroborates this theory, according to review authors Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose. They suggest that EEG rhythms (brain waves) also derive from deeper level microtubule vibrations, and that from a practical standpoint, treating brain microtubule vibrations could benefit a host of mental, neurological, and cognitive conditions.

The theory, called "orchestrated objective reduction" ('Orch OR'), was first put forward in the mid-1990s by eminent mathematical physicist Sir Roger Penrose, FRS, Mathematical Institute and Wadham College, University of Oxford, and prominent anesthesiologist Stuart Hameroff, MD, Anesthesiology, Psychology and Center for Consciousness Studies, The University of Arizona, Tucson. They suggested that quantum vibrational computations in microtubules were "orchestrated" ("Orch") by synaptic inputs and memory stored in microtubules, and terminated by Penrose "objective reduction" ('OR'), hence "Orch OR." Microtubules are major components of the cell structural skeleton.

Orch OR was harshly criticized from its inception, as the brain was considered too "warm, wet, and noisy" for seemingly delicate quantum processes.. However, evidence has now shown warm quantum coherence in plant photosynthesis, bird brain navigation, our sense of smell, and brain microtubules. The recent discovery of warm temperature quantum vibrations in microtubules inside brain neurons by the research group led by Anirban Bandyopadhyay, PhD, at the National Institute of Material Sciences in Tsukuba, Japan (and now at MIT), corroborates the pair's theory and suggests that EEG rhythms also derive from deeper level microtubule vibrations. In addition, work from the laboratory of Roderick G. Eckenhoff, MD, at the University of Pennsylvania, suggests that anesthesia, which selectively erases consciousness while sparing non-conscious brain activities, acts via microtubules in brain neurons.

"The origin of consciousness reflects our place in the universe, the nature of our existence. Did consciousness evolve from complex computations among brain neurons, as most scientists assert? Or has consciousness, in some sense, been here all along, as spiritual approaches maintain?" ask Hameroff and Penrose in the current review. "This opens a potential Pandora's Box, but our theory accommodates both these views, suggesting consciousness derives from quantum vibrations in microtubules, protein polymers inside brain neurons, which both govern neuronal and synaptic function, and connect brain processes to self-organizing processes in the fine scale, 'proto-conscious' quantum structure of reality."

After 20 years of skeptical criticism, "the evidence now clearly supports Orch OR," continue Hameroff and Penrose. "Our new paper updates the evidence, clarifies Orch OR quantum bits, or "qubits," as helical pathways in microtubule lattices, rebuts critics, and reviews 20 testable predictions of Orch OR published in 1998 -- of these, six are confirmed and none refuted."

An important new facet of the theory is introduced. Microtubule quantum vibrations (e.g. in megahertz) appear to interfere and produce much slower EEG "beat frequencies." Despite a century of clinical use, the underlying origins of EEG rhythms have remained a mystery. Clinical trials of brief brain stimulation aimed at microtubule resonances with megahertz mechanical vibrations using transcranial ultrasound have shown reported improvements in mood, and may prove useful against Alzheimer's disease and brain injury in the future.

Lead author Stuart Hameroff concludes, "Orch OR is the most rigorous, comprehensive and successfully-tested theory of consciousness ever put forth. From a practical standpoint, treating brain microtubule vibrations could benefit a host of mental, neurological, and cognitive conditions."

The review is accompanied by eight commentaries from outside authorities, including an Australian group of Orch OR arch-skeptics. To all, Hameroff and Penrose respond robustly.

Penrose, Hameroff and Bandyopadhyay will explore their theories during a session on "Microtubules and the Big Consciousness Debate" at the Brainstorm Sessions, a public three-day event at the Brakke Grond in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, January 16-18, 2014. They will engage skeptics in a debate on the nature of consciousness, and Bandyopadhyay and his team will couple microtubule vibrations from active neurons to play Indian musical instruments. "Consciousness depends on anharmonic vibrations of microtubules inside neurons, similar to certain kinds of Indian music, but unlike Western music which is harmonic," Hameroff explains.

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by ElsevierNote: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Journal References:

  1. Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose. Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theoryPhysics of Life Reviews, 2013 DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002
  2. Stuart Hameroff, MD, and Roger Penrose. Reply to criticism of the ‘Orch OR qubit’–‘Orchestrated objective reduction’ is scientifically justifiedPhysics of Life Reviews, 2013 DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2013.11.00
  3. Stuart Hameroff, Roger Penrose. Consciousness in the universePhysics of Life Reviews, 2013; DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2013.08.002

Views: 83

Replies to This Discussion

Qubits? How quaint...

LOL I know right?

RSS

Have questions?

Need help? Visit our Support Group for help from our friendly Admins and members!

Have you?

Become a Member
Invited Your Friends
Made new Friends
Read/ Written a Blog
Joined/ Created a Group
Read/ Posted a Discussion
Checked out the Chat
Looked at/Posted Videos
Made a donation this month
Followed us on Twitter
Followed us on Facebook

Donations

Please consider a donation to help with our continued growth and site costs

Connect

Visit The Temple
on Facebook:

....

Blog Posts

Love

Posted by Quingu on April 19, 2019 at 12:04pm 2 Comments

Game changers

Posted by David John Johnstone on April 17, 2019 at 6:20pm 1 Comment

Rivers of Belief

Posted by Luna on April 16, 2019 at 10:00am 0 Comments

The Hunter

Posted by Quingu on April 15, 2019 at 10:00am 0 Comments

If You Must

Posted by savlove on April 13, 2019 at 2:59am 1 Comment

Windows - AGAIN!?

Posted by William J. Coblentz on April 12, 2019 at 2:38pm 1 Comment

The Serpent Cherub

Posted by Quingu on April 7, 2019 at 1:00pm 0 Comments

Elevated Thought

Posted by Quingu on April 5, 2019 at 7:00am 0 Comments

A prank for April 1st

Posted by Karen Black on April 1, 2019 at 1:00am 4 Comments

Expendably Yours

Posted by savlove on March 31, 2019 at 11:19pm 8 Comments

THE 4 KINGS OF HELL

Posted by Quingu on March 27, 2019 at 5:30pm 0 Comments

Plumed Serpent

Posted by Quingu on March 22, 2019 at 6:00pm 3 Comments

Iblis & Jinn

Posted by Quingu on March 22, 2019 at 3:52pm 2 Comments

The Pleiadian Agenda (Aryan Logic)

Posted by Quingu on March 20, 2019 at 1:00pm 3 Comments

THE (EVOL)VING ARYAN (CHERUB) & 7/(11)

Posted by Quingu on March 20, 2019 at 8:30am 1 Comment

How to write english essay pt3 example

Posted by Amy on March 19, 2019 at 4:00am 0 Comments

Descendent of War

Posted by Quingu on March 13, 2019 at 12:00pm 0 Comments

KING BA(EL)

Posted by Quingu on March 12, 2019 at 2:30pm 0 Comments

Posted by Priestess Maighread Birdsong on March 12, 2019 at 1:18pm 0 Comments

APRIL'S AWARENESS

Image result for february awareness month 2019

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

Image result for april awareness and causes

 

 Image result for april awareness and causes

 

 Image result for april awareness and causes

 

 

 

 Related image

 

 

 

© 2019   Created by Bryan   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service